How Air Pollution Effect Human Health

Updated on 20 November 2019

Air pollutants are emitted on a large scale on an everyday basis. It is no surprise that such emissions dangerously pollute the air which can cause a serious threat to human health. With every breath you take, you inhale millions of air pollutants. While it doesn’t matter how healthy you are when it comes to air pollution, children, the elderly and those with respiratory or heart diseases are amongst the most affected groups. Below mentioned are a few negative effects of air pollution on the human body.

Effects of Air Pollution on Human Health

Some effects of air pollution on health include:

High Risk of Hypertension in Women

It has been confirmed that women exposed to higher levels of pollution are at a higher risk of suffering from hypertension. This is especially common among those exposed to fine particulate matter. Air pollution can also result in inflammation and oxidative stress. Breathing volatile organic compounds can also lead to liver, central nervous system, and kidney damage.

Cardiovascular and Heart Problems

If pollutants inhaled by a person penetrate deep into the human body and reach the bloodstream, many health-related issues can be experienced that require an assessment by one of the best heart specialists in India. Since the amount of oxygen that reaches the organs is reduced, it can lead to less blood production. Lead or carbon monoxide poisoning can lead to muscular problems, mobility issues, high BP and heart diseases that can compel you to search for the best heart and lung CARE Hospitals in Vizag.

Neurological and Birth Problems

Women exposed to air pollution during pregnancy have increased levels of toxic chemicals in the blood that can stress the immune system. Polluted air, when reaches the fetus can result in issues such as low birth weight or premature birth. Further consequences that can be experienced include permanent neurological problems such as learning deficits and lowered IQ. Inhaling airborne particles also increases the risk of Alzheimer's.

Skin Issues

There are many ways your skin can be damaged via air pollution. Ultraviolet rays can deplete the ozone layer which can increase one’s chances of acquiring skin cancer. It can also lead to premature skin aging, skin irritation, and inflammation. This can be either a result of air pollution or its posterior indirect effect on humans and the environment.

Asthma and COPD

Inhaling particulate matter can irritate your nasal cavity tissues which can cause cough and runny nose. If fine particles travel deep down to your lungs, it can lead to infection. This can also cause inflammation that can lead to shortness of breath. People suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are at a higher risk.





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