Get Rid of Kidney Stones with These Treatments
Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and salts formed inside the kidneys. They can cause severe pain and uneasiness to the patient. Though they don’t cause permanent damage, they can affect any part of the urinary tract from the kidneys to the bladder. Kidney stones can be formed due to many reasons which might include the concentration of the urine leading to crystallization of the minerals.
The treatment for kidney stones depends on how serious your situation is. Each individual has different symptoms and treatments pertaining to their case. You may either need to take nothing more than pain medication and drink enough fluids to ensure that the stones pass through your urethra or you might need surgery as the stones might enter the urinary track and cause infection or complications.
Some of the common kidney stone treatments used by urologists to get rid of kidney stones include:
Shock wave lithotripsy:
This is used to blast the kidney stones into smaller pieces. This makes it easier for the pieces to pass through the urinary tract.
Cystoscopy and ureteroscopy:
During cystoscopy, the doctor uses a cystoscope to look inside the urethra or bladder to find the stone. During ureteroscopy, the doctor uses anureteroscope which is longer and thinner and gives a detailed view of the lining of the urethra and the kidney. Once the stone is found, the doctor can remove it or break it into smaller pieces. The procedure is completed in a few hours and the patient can leave the same day.
A viewing tool called a nephroscope is used to locate and remove the kidney stone. It is inserted directly into the kidney through a small cut made in the back. For the larger ones, laser can be used to break the stone into smaller pieces. The procedure is performed with anesthesia and will need the patient to stay back for several days in the hospital.
Kidney disease treatments are available in all major hospitals with specialists ensuring a safe and hassle free surgery. However, it is important to know that one can also prevent kidney stones by making changes in the eating habits, diets and nutrients. The best remedy is to have enough fluids everyday as they dilute the urine and flush away minerals. Citrus fluids such as lemonade and orange juice stop crystals from turning into stones. It is advised that you talk to your health care professional and know about various ways to prevent kidney stones.