Your Recovery Guide to Cervical Disc Surgery
Although most of the people suffering from pain due to cervical disc diseases get better on their own with the help of simple, conservative treatments, surgery might be required if all other treatments have failed. The surgery involves removal of the affected disc which is pinching the nerve or pressing on the spinal cord. Depending on the site of the disc, an incision might be made by the surgeon either in the front (anterior discectomy) or back (posterior discectomy). The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. Whether it’s about getting checked for bone cancer symptoms and treatment options or your cervical disc surgery, it’s important to choose the best hospital that specializes in the same. When this is ensured, the majority the people who undergo cervical spine surgery experience good to excellent results. Besides significant pain relief, the patients are also able to resume daily life activities with ease.
The surgical procedure can last from one to several hours. As compared to simple discectomies, spine fusions that involve the placement of screws and plates tend to last much longer. Although many patients feel immediately better after they awake post the surgery, comprehensive rehabilitation program might be required for several months to get the total benefit. It’s important for the patient to carefully follow the surgeon’s instructions for a smooth recovery which includes the following:
- Pain is managed with narcotic medication, post-surgery. Since these pills are addictive, they are used for a limited period (2-4) weeks. Constipation is a common occurrence in those taking this medicine on a frequent basis. Therefore, drinking enough water and consuming high-fiber food is recommended.
- Sore throat, hoarseness or difficulty swallowing are also common but are not a major source of concern as these symptoms resolve within 1-4 weeks.
- Those who had a fusion mustn’t use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, Advil, ibuprofen, etc. for 6 months post the surgery as these may cause bleeding and prolong bone healing.
- Smoking must be avoided as it can delay healing and increase one’s risk of complications. It also inhibits the bone’s ability to fuse.
- The patient mustn’t drive for 2-4 weeks post the surgery or until discussed with the surgeon.
- Bending the head forward or backward is a complete no. Lifting objects heavier than 5 pounds must also be avoided.
- Yard-work and household work must be avoided until the follow-up visit. Also, seek your doctor’s advice before resuming sexual activity.
- Daily activities such as bathing, dressing, etc. require additional care.
- Normal activities can be resumed gradually. Walking is recommended along with a physical therapy program. While walking, start by covering short distances and gradually increase to 1-2 miles a day.
- If applicable, you must learn about how to wear a cervical collar bone before leaving the hospital. The same must be worn when riding a car or walking.
- Showering must be avoided 1 to 4 days after the surgery. The surgeon’s specific instructions must be followed while showering and no tub baths, swimming pools or hot tubs are to be used until your healthcare provider advises so.
- If you have stitches or staples at the time of discharge, they will need to be removed. Ask for care instructions and the time when they will be removed.
It’s normal to have good or bad days as the recovery varies from person to person. Expect your surgeon to give you the detailed information regarding the challenges, you might face. While most of them won’t be a cause of alarm, there are a few symptoms that require immediate medical attention such as:
- Difficulty breathing or swallowing
- Constipation that doesn’t improve
- Pain, discharge, or redness around the incision.
A multi-specialty hospital that has experts across specialties such as cancer treatment in India,critical care, etc. can be trusted for surgeries such as cervical disc surgery.